Complete guide in learning how to swim

Here are the best 10 tips and first guides for both children and adults who want to learn to swim and, for various reasons, do not have a personal swim instructor.

1. When learning to swim without a swim instructor, the most important thing is to make sure you do it in a safe environment – NOT in lakes, in the sea when there are big waves or in deep pools who have no lifeguard. It would be best to learn to swim in a pool with a depth of fewer than 2 meters or under the supervision of a person who can help you in case of danger.

The fear of drowning

2. This is the one that will put you the most obstacles, you must find a way to control it and not let it stop your concentration. For example, children learn to swim faster because they do not think so much about what can happen to them in the water. In other words, they are less afraid of water than the adults are of swimming. You just have to keep in mind that if you relax, your body will float with very little effort.

3. Swimming goggles are an accessory that will help you a lot and are by no means an accessory for children. These will help you relax and be able to see more easily underwater or after diving. Also, do not hesitate to use the accessories that help you float. These can contribute to stabilizing the position in the water and in perfecting a swimming movement.

4. Watch carefully the most experienced swimmers. Then try to break down their movements and learn the technique in pieces. For example, you can first learn the movements of the arms, then the movements of the legs. A very good practice is to try and practice them at home on the carpet. It is an exercise that the best swimmers do.

Ask someone to film you while you learn to swim. Thus, at home, you can see where you are wrong and where you are evolving.

5. Many beginner swimmers have trouble controlling their breathing (at least in the first lessons). One of the most effective strategies is to inhale, to swim two meters, and then to exhale. Remember, the more you breathe the more chaotic you are and the more tired you are, the human body likes predictability.

6. A piece of very simple advice, but which many do not consider: do not breathe in the nose when swimming. Use your mouth both when you breathe in and when you breathe out! If water enters in your mouth, it is very easy to remove it, and the discomfort is practically non-existent. In contrast, when you draw water on the nose, it is very irritating and demotivating.

7. At the first entrances to the pool, hold hands with the edge and try to lift your body until it is completely parallel to the bottom of the pool. Repeat the movement several times, until you perfect it. Then, while the feet are parallel to the bottom of the pool, move them up and down, without bending your knees. Try to keep your face in the water during these exercises, this will help you to be in the right position.

8. Once you feel that you are in control of these movements, you can practice them by holding a collar or a floating pad. If the movements are correct, you will start to move slightly.

9. You should not spend more than 1-2 hours a day in the water when you learn to swim, you will not be able to learn to swim properly for the first time. However, after 10 sessions of 1-2 hours/day, more than sure, you will overcome the fear of water and master the simple movements of swimming that will allow you to cross the pool from one edge to another.

First steps in learning how to swim

Learn how to float:

The most important thing is to learn how to control your breathing. When you are in the water it is essential to fill your lungs with air and to hold your breath for a while and every time you breathe, you must exhale and breathe quickly and then hold your breath again and the procedure must be repeated. This way you will have your lungs full of air and this will help you float easily. When you breathe, you must try to push it as deep as possible, to fill your lungs.

After you have done some breathing exercises it is recommended to start by doing the float on your back. Try to have someone near you to help you if you need to. This process can also be practised in lower water. You don’t have to be scared if the water goes through your ears when you do the oxygen exchange you dive a little deeper into the water but you don’t have to panic because once you inhaled, your body rises again, on the surface. For the first time try not to float in place but to get out of your hands and feet. In movement, the body floats more easily.

Learn to stay in the water

And at this step, it is essential to control your breathing and it is important to have your lungs filled with air at all times. For this process, you need deeper water, about your height and it is obligatory to have someone near you who can help you in case of danger. You don’t have to be afraid to get your chin into the water, even your mouth. It is important to be able to breathe through your nose.

Swimming with your head underwater

For this, we would recommend having water glasses. It is advisable to travel small distances as long as we can hold our breath. After we get used to the style of swimming, we can try to get our head out of the water and breathe while swimming.

Swimming with your head above the water

After we get used to the style of swimming with our head underwater, we can go to the next step, to swim with our head above the water. This style is most practical at the beach or the pool because we do not get water in the eyes, we do not necessarily need water glasses but it is even more tiring. I recommend practicing in the water that does not pass through our chin and to travel small distances first.


Do not expect to have exceptional results from the first attempts. You have to practice as often as possible and this will definitely lead you to success. Success!


Flowing waters are much more dangerous than standing water. It is recommended to always have a person who knows how to swim and who can jump to your aid in case of need.

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