Tips and tricks


Safety guide on how to use Tinder without the risk of getting scammed

Tinder application, I think you have all heard, if not, I will tell you what it is and how it is used.

Tinder is a smartphone application that has revolutionized the concept of online dating. Specifically, through Tinder, you can meet someone close to you. The principle on which this application work is a simple one. Anyone can sign up, via the Facebook profile and once you have logged in, you can see photos of possible partners, who are in your area. Do you like what you see? Then you swipe right for “Like” and left swipe for “Dislike”. If the one you gave the right swipe to did the same for you, then you have a Match and you can chat.

The online dating network manages to attract over 10 million users daily and is becoming more popular among us. At first, 90 per cent of users of Tinder had an average age of 18-24 years. Only 17 months after launch, 50% of users were young people between the ages of 18-24, and the remaining 50% were of mixed age profile.

Being such a populated network, Tinder, that any social network is also a minefield for digital “predators”.

The specialists from Bitdefender offer us a set of rules, which ensures us smooth navigation on Tinder.
In the following, I present these rules, in short, so that you are safe from danger.

1. Keep your eyes on all four. Beware of fake profiles

If you are a regular user of dating applications, it means that you are familiar with the false profile idea.

On Tinder, as I said, one of the criteria by which your partners are suggested is that of proximity. But that should not calm you down. Just because he is in your area or not, does not mean that he is also a reliable person. Check to see if you have friends or interests in common.

Also, in the applications of socialization for dating runs bots. Bots are fake accounts, which talk to you and urge you to access certain links, which either steal your data or deliver viruses. Usually, bots open the conversation by asking you if you haven’t spoken before. The most frequently targeted are men, who appear to be willing to give in a lot faster in front of an attractive picture.

2. Never play with social engineering!

As I told you at the beginning, to log in and create an account on Tinder, you must use the Facebook account. Once this step is taken, your list of contacts and interests will be scanned. In a way, it’s good, because it serves more efficient match-making, but at the same time, it is a two-edged sword. Because in this way, you risk exposing anyone to find your real Facebook ID, last name and other personal details distributed on other social networks – Linkedin, Twitter and other forums. To protect yourself, a first step would be to make your Facebook account private!

3. Don’t be too generous with your personal information and photos

This rule does not apply to Tinder alone and you should always adhere to it. When you go online, it is best not to leave too many traces, because I am the joy of all scammers.
So, review your behaviour as a user of the internet and social media platforms. Because whatever you leave online, it can be found and used against you. So on Tinder! Do not let the wave, no matter how hot the discussion between you and the other user. Be reluctant and do not share personal information, so simply and also refuse as much as you can offer photographic material, especially nude! Once sent this information and pictures no longer have control over them!

4. Don’t cheat and don’t let yourself be deceived

Many times, especially on Tinder, some people choose to give the right swipe for their simple entertainment, even if it is clear that they have nothing in common with that person. Not infrequently, thus, verbal abuse can be reached. So, keep yourself safe and pay attention to those who seem to not take you seriously. Also, this is a rule that applies and inverse – avoid liking someone, if you find nothing in common with that person!

5. Never open suspicious links!

About bots, which prompts you to open random links, I’ve already told you. But that doesn’t mean that you can only be exposed to dangerous links. You can also find links in the About section. The common descriptions in this section usually come with motorcycles, various hobbies, interests, etc. However, there are some sections of About that promote links to blogs or personal sites. Do not access them, no matter how much your curiosity is ruined. Otherwise, you risk exposing yourself to the risk of viruses.

6. Even if you are proud of your children, do not take pictures with them.

Do you have kids? Congratulations! Are you proud need big, are your greatest joy? Then take care of them! Never take pictures on Tinder with them. I can help you find a good one, but that would not be the biggest problem. The biggest problem is that you expose your children to unnecessary risk. Their pictures could later be used for less well-meaning purposes.

7. The degree of anonymity should be high

It may seem like an effort, but it is better to make efforts and to be safe than to be lazy and risky. On Tinder, Bitdefender advises us to remain as anonymous as possible. For this, you need to make a special Facebook account dedicated, where you can put only a few photos and minimal personal details! Instead of the real name, it is good to use a pseudonym. Also, to protect the identity, when creating the Facebook account using an alternative email address, not the current one, which you usually use.

If you follow these rules, you will be safe and you will enjoy a Tinder experience, devoid of adventures.

how to refill your print cartridges

how to refill your print cartridges at home – complete step by step tutorial

The printer is a very useful product both at the office and at home. You can use it for documents, to print articles online or for photos, and if you have a multifunction printer you can use it to scan or copy documents as well. As you may have already noticed, printers are reasonably priced if we think about their usefulness. Printer cartridges are not as cheap, however.

In fact, in a top of the most expensive liquids on earth, the cough for a printer ranks seventh. If you choose to refill your printer cartridge at home, you can make substantial savings over the replacement cartridge, especially if you opt for an original one, the most expensive solution. That’s why we provide you with a complete tutorial on how to load your printer cartridge at home.

Why are printers so much printed and so much cartridge for them?

Buying a new printer can often be even cheaper than buying new cartridges, including when talking about multifunctional ones. It is a strategy of the printing manufacturers by which they choose to sell the main products at low prices and to recover the expenses by selling cartridges. Some printer manufacturers have resorted to compatible cartridge locking strategies (more affordable than original ones).

The specialists at did a large analysis and concluded that, strictly from an economic point of view, it is more advantageous to buy a new printer. Of course, most of us do not choose this option because it is inconvenient to always buy a new product, to install it, so that we do not consider the impact on the environment anymore. Refilling cartridges at home is a way that protects your budget and if you follow the instructions, it is not a laborious process.

What is the price difference between a new cartridge and the recharge of the old ones?

We all know that it is more economical to load the old cartridge at home than to replace it with a new one, but how much do you save? Well, pretty much. For example, if purchasing a package with two original cartridges (black and color) costs more, a refill kit for cartridges can cost less for the color and the black one. The kit contains, in addition to the ink for refilling the cartridges, all the lubricants needed for this process – support, syringe, but also a small guide to get a good result.

The difference is clear, and in some cases even bigger – new cartridges can cost 3 times more than the refill kit. Moreover, once you buy the kit, next time you only have to buy the ink itself, 100 millilitres. The prices are, of course, indicative and depend on the brand of the printer you have, but substantial differences can be observed in all models.

Is the primary quality of printing in the case of recharged cartridges?

From the beginning, you must know that you will find several types of ink, of different qualities. The cheaper it is, the higher the quality of the print it might leave to be desired. In other words, if you do not opt ​​for a good quality ink you may have to deal with pages where the ink has spread, in which the shades are not very visible (black may be grey and red maybe, in fact, a pink). If you take pictures, the difference will be even clearer.

Another thing you should keep in mind is that in the original cartridges there are substances that prevent drying, and if you choose to refill the cartridges it may dry out faster in the cartridge, which leads to head damage writing the printer.

If you choose a good quality ink and use the printer for personal use, you can rely on refilling the cartridges, because the quality difference is almost unnoticeable.

How many times can an original printer cartridge be refilled?

In the case of an inkjet printer, a cartridge can be refilled 5-6 times (maybe even more). In the case of a laser printer, which works with toner, the cartridge can be refilled 2-4 times. In the case of color cartridges, the number of refills is smaller. The number of recharges may increase if you call for their reconditioning.

What do I need to recharge my printer cartridges at home?

In a cartridge refill kit, you will find all the things you need for this. It contains the following things:

  • needle and syringe
  • drilling device
  • Refill device
  • the actual ink (for the color ones you will have three containers for red, yellow and blue or for yellow, cyan and magenta)
  • pumped
  • balls to cover the holes after refilling
  • tool for placing the balls on the holes on which the refill is made
  • filling support (in some kits, not all)
  • adhesive tape (in some cases)
  • instructions for refilling the cartridges

In some kits, you can find protective gloves. If you choose a kit that does not have gloves, it would be good to buy them separately, they will be useful to you. Also, in some kits, you will find the cough in containers already equipped with the syringe, so it will not be found separately. In the case of a color cartridge refill system, you will find three syringes, one for each color.

How does the printer cartridge refill process flow?

Here are the steps you need to take to refill a printer cartridge:

  • Remove the cartridge – turn on the printer, let the printer align the cartridges, then lift the lid and remove the cartridges
  • Put on your protective gloves
  • Place the cartridge on a few white sheets (to prevent stains) or in the charging holder, if you have one in the kit
  • Remove the foil from the cartridge (if there is one) and make a hole in the middle of it using the drilling device – this step is not necessarily necessary for all printers, some of them already have the respective holes
  • Remove the cough from the container using the syringe and insert the needle and syringe into the cartridge hole – 10-15 millilitres of cough is sufficient – if you already have containers with the syringe and needle, you do not need to go through this step
  • Insert the needle into the hole halfway up the cartridge and press the syringe very easily to insert the cough into the cartridge – after you remove the syringe from the cartridge, leakage may occur, so keep the towels close.
  • If you make a refill for a color cartridge, you must make three holes (one for each color) and put 5 millilitres in each
  • Finally, use the special utensil to place the balls above the holes they made (if you made them, if your cartridge already had holes, this step will not be needed)
  • Glue the adhesive strips on top
  • Do a test with a headband at the head of the cartridge – must leave a thick black mark or composed of the three colors
  • Put the cartridges back in the printer and print a few test pages

If you find this process to be a complicated one, you must know that cartridge refill centres can have favourable prices. However, you must be careful and guarantee that a cough is used to refill the printer cartridges of very good quality.

After you buy a refill kit, in the future you will only need refill ink.

What to do when the printer does not recognize a replaced cartridge?

As with the installation of compatible cartridges, the printer may display some errors. If it displays one of the following errors:

  • No cartridge is installed
  • The ink or toner is consumed or empty (low or empty)
  • Other warnings: “this cartridge is not original”, or “using these cartridges you will lose the warranty”.

Click OK. For Canon printers, press and hold the power-off button for a few seconds, and at Epson click Cancel if you have this option on the computer screen or press the Cancel button on the printer – press and hold the button for a few seconds.


If these steps do not work, try the steps below:

  • Remove the cartridges from the printer
  •  Turn off the printer and unplug it
  • Wait 15 minutes
  • Turn on the printer again and put the refilled cartridges

Refilling cartridges with a refill kit. General tips

Finally, you must know that in stores you will find refill kits and coughs for refilling cartridges specially designed according to the printer model you have. For example, you can find kits and cushions especially for Canon, HP, Epson, Brother or Universal cartridges, which contain all the tools you may need regardless of the type of printer you have. Another thing you should consider is the quality of the cough. You can guide yourself by price – even the most expensive kit will still be cheaper than buying a new cartridge.

Do not refill a completely emptied cartridge, and if you have an empty cartridge and want to refill it, do not wait too long. In both cases, you may want to dry your printer heads, in which case you will have to reach a refill centre or even buy new ones because they may no longer be used.

After a refill, it is advisable to run the self-cleaning function of the printer, so it is best not to start the recharging process when you are on the run.

After you see it is not a very heavy process. it will take you, beginning between 15 and 20 minutes, but, with the time, you will be able to refill a cartridge in just a few minutes. 


How to speak in public. Tips and techniques

Talking in public or meetings can be overwhelming at times, but making your voice heard is a way to gain respect at work or school. Sometimes you feel like you have nothing new to say. A good method is to prepare your speech before doing this, ask questions that have to do with what is being said.
The way you speak in the meeting depends a lot on the type of meeting that is in progress.

In this article, I will tell you about what I have learned over time about public speaking. Why about public speaking? Because public speaking is about sharing ideas, being a gathered experience, through direct or indirect meetings with people.

Regarding this topic, the famous Mark Twain said that if people start falling asleep at a certain point during a speech, it is enough to say “shit” in the middle of a sentence and everyone will wake up.

The purpose of public speaking is to make people interested in your idea, to develop it to the extent that you make them pay attention to what you have to say.

You can’t learn to speak in public unless you do.

You can watch all the conferences in this world, you can attend all the public speaking sessions, you can analyze, you can read everything written about public speaking, you can go to the best courses on public speaking, but unless you get on a stage with the light on your face and being alone in front of a full audience, you will not be able to speak in public. Public speaking can only be learned by practising it

Plan your speech by writing notes in advance.

Writing notes on a notebook is not a bad thing, especially since there you synthesize the main ideas that you will later develop, boosting your chances of not blocking yourself during the speech.

Adopt the correct position in front of the stage.

Many times we tend to move a lot in front of the stage, especially to walk from side to side, to move our hands a lot because of emotions, these aspects must be controlled because the spectators will no longer pay attention to what you have to say, but more will follow your body movements. start by keeping your feet perfectly parallel, through which you will have a good position.

Try to prepare a good introduction

By a good introduction, it is understood that naturally the rest of the speech will come and so you will avoid the difficulties in speaking further.

Choose the rhythm of the speech and the tone of the voice.

You can speak very, very quickly, and the things said will come one after the other, or you can speak more slowly, is a good way to attract attention. It’s a matter of how you like to do it. You can also have a thin and high voice, or you can bring it down, you can speak very loud, or you can speak slowly. Also speaking with a loud voice is a method of convincing others. The tone of the voice and the way you speak is very important.


You smile because you are more friendly, but if you smile your voice will be heard differently, more so, if you smile, hire some muscles of the face that makes you speak better.

Use talkative people in your favour

Whatever presentation you hold, there are always some people in the audience who start talking louder, complimenting you, contradicting you or just making jokes. Don’t let yourself be discouraged. Pull them to your side. You must conquer them first. And in the group they belong to, they behave the same, as “opinion leaders”, not necessarily because they are more competent, but because they simply like to talk more. Often, the ideas you present will take the form they will give you, even more so after the presentation has ended, behind closed doors, when you will no longer be present.

Perfectionism can destroy you

If you still expect to be perfect, you will never come out. Maybe you’ll be perfect five times a year. It is important how you present yourself on the other days. Inside you will find a fight between a child who wants to hide under his mother’s skirt and an experienced host who keeps the audience at his fingertips. Let the master talker come to the surface because he is hidden somewhere inside you.

Hide your emotions

If you start the speech by apologizing for the emotions you have, you only need to draw their attention to a negative aspect that they may not even notice. So you better focus on what you have to say and how to capture the audience’s attention.

Use the emotions in your favour

If you have the emotions of feeling that the ground is cracking beneath you and you will fall into a precipice, this is a sign that you very much want to be there. At that moment you discovered the fire inside you, so it’s time to enjoy the tensest moments. You will remember them all your life.

Tell a story!

In any speech you keep, it is good to find a “hook” to hang from time to time. Stick to a simple event that can arouse strong emotions. If you talk to them about a candy company, remember how you saw “accidentally” a child who buys his frozen flight before entering the room. Play a little with their mind, because they like it more than they recognize.

A good story is like a party, it’s good to come late and leave early. Do not get bored with details about the history of goat breeding in New Zealand, but do not get into the subject abruptly. Use humour without the impression that you are at a stand-up show. If you say treadmills, they seem to be a bit aggressive, if you know how to use humour, they seem like a nice guy.

Tips to get the clothes white again with or without bleach

Tips to get the clothes white again with or without bleach

White is the favourite colour in summer and not only, which keeps us safe from the strong sun rays and brings us good disposition, but after a few washes, the articles of clothing can get unwanted shades of grey, green, etc., or borrow colours from other clothes that we made the mistake of washing them together. However, there are solutions tested by generations of women, which allow even bleaching of synthetic fibres, when chlorine or other sophisticated products do not prove their effectiveness.

White clothes and white things, including towels or linens, we all like because it exudes freshness and cleanliness. But what do you do when after some washing and wearing, the white is no longer so white and begins to turn a yellow colour? The hard water and even the balm of laundry contribute to the yellowing of the white clothes, so it is good to know some tricks to keep the white and the freshness of the white things.

Kitchen salt

The handiest ingredient that can be used for bleaching laundry is the ordinary kitchen salt. It is preferable to use the recrystallized salt or the sea salt, with fewer impurities. The salt has proven to be particularly effective in the areas stained with deodorant, body oil, etc. For these, we will soften a tablespoon of salt, then rub the area and allow a few minutes to act. The salt can still be applied on the damp stain, allowed to act and removed with water.


Make a mixture of lemon juice and warm water in which to leave the laundry approximately one hour before washing them. 

White vinegar

Add half a cup of white vinegar to the washing machine to whiten the laundry. Apart from bleaching, vinegar also has the property to make fabrics softer, acting as a laundry softener.

Hydrogen peroxide

Oxygen peroxide found in this substance is a milder bleach than chlorine, so you can put half a cup of hydrogen peroxide in the washing machine for bleaching clothes. Another option is to leave the laundry soaked for two hours in a solution made of water and hydrogen peroxide, and then wash them at a high temperature (60 degrees Celsius, 140 degrees Fahrenheit).

Sodium bicarbonate

Sodium bicarbonate is very effective in many whitening actions: surfaces, teeth, even clothes. Add half a cup of baking soda to the washing machine before washing white clothes.


Borax powder is made from sodium borate, a natural mineral also called boric acid. Borax is a very good home disinfectant, deodorant and antiseptic and does not aggravate allergies as other detergents that contain strong perfumes and dyes. You can use borax as a washing amplifier, add half a cup of borax powder along with your regular detergent, for a brighter white.

You can even remove the stains from the white clothes with borax if you leave them soaked in hot water mixed with half a cup of borax powder. The effect is much stronger if the stains are fresh.

Natural bleach

In case you want a bleaching solution that you will use frequently, we present a natural bleaching recipe, which you can make at home.


Quantities for a 3.7 Liters container:

  • – 1/2 cup of hydrogen peroxide with 3% hydrogen peroxide
  • – 1/2 cup lemon juice
  • – distilled water (or drinking water, the idea is not to be hard water)
  • – 10-12 drops of lemon essential oil


  • 1. Mix all the ingredients in the chosen container. Preferably a bottle with lid. Stir gently to combine ingredients.
  • 2. Use a cup of this home bleach in the washing cycle to bleach your clothes.

Baking soda

Dissolve one cup of baking soda in approximately 4 litres of warm water. This mixture is not only a great whitening solution for your clothes but also an effective deodoriser. Soak your white laundry in the solution for around eight hours before the usual wash.

Be careful, before using bleach on your clothes, check the care label, if it says “no bleach” then do not use bleach, not even the all-fabric bleach.

Always separate white clothes and coloured clothes, do not mix them in the washing machine.

Recommened products for whitening clothes

10 tips you should know before buying a used laptop

10 tips you should know before buying a used laptop

A used laptop … how many of you were at least once tempted to save some money for buying a laptop and instead of buying a new one, you were tempted you to buy a used one?

In this article, I will give you ten tips to help you purchase a used laptop. You may have thought of some, others not.
The Internet is full of such offers, but “you should not eat everything that flies” or, not everything that is written is correct. The tips are meant not to fool you when you want to buy a used laptop and buy it at a significantly lower price than the new ones in the store.

Probably the time has come when you want to get rid of a desktop PC, you would prefer to have more space and have something more elegant on your desk to work with, so the idea of buying a laptop is in your mind, especially if you are travelling a lot and your laptop is a “must-have” always permanently on you.
You start to get interested in buying a new laptop and when you look at its price “again”, you immediately want to give up the idea to buy a new laptop.
However, there are also used laptops, immediately thinking about it, new opportunities are already opened for you at a low price, opportunities, but also dangers.

To support those who want to buy a used laptop, we have gathered, in one place, a series of tips, whether you want to buy it from an authorized store, or a friend, relative, acquaintance, either from a second-hand sales site, or from that dubious individual on that deserted street who has, for unexplained reasons, a trunk full of laptops. Obviously, from where you purchased it you must pay attention to the following:

Lying descriptions of laptops

You will often encounter this problem when you want to buy a used laptop, especially from a site and it is not always intended, some people who sell a laptop do not even know what configuration it has. So they will mistake the amount of RAM, confuse SSD (solid-state drive) with HDD (old hard disk), put a 7 instead of 3 on the processor and so on.
You will have the laptop in front of you and you will know exactly what configuration it has and in what general state the system is, but from the pictures on the net, you can be misled.

A simple way to find out if your laptop has the clutter described in the ad is to take the following steps:

how to find laptop configuration

laptop configuration

You will also find descriptions such as “perfectly functional”, “almost unused”, which will not always be correct. That is why it is very important to inspect that laptop with your own eyes before purchasing, otherwise, you may have all sorts of unpleasant surprises

The battery is (probably) dead

An undeniable fact of current technologies is that the batteries are running out. After approximately 3 years of enduring use of a laptop battery, it reaches the level at which a laptop is no longer a portable device. The older a laptop is and the more signs of wear, the more confident you are that you either have to find another functional battery or use it as a desktop.

The additional cost of a battery should be taken into account when buying a used laptop. In general, you will have no problem including the old laptop battery, unless you buy a very old laptop for which there are no compatible models for years. In this case, I’m sorry to tell you, but you bought a desktop.

The keyboard is (definitely) a random hazard.

People are sometimes disgusting creatures, and a keyboard that has been used for a long time is undoubtedly horrible. If you have purchased a laptop from a source other than specialized stores that deal with hardware restoration, I recommend using gloves to manipulate the laptop until you clean it. You will usually solve the problem with alcohol, napkins and patience.

There is a chance that someone has spilt juice or coffee on their laptop.

Going on the idea that sometimes people are disgusting, there are sometimes clumsy. So a used laptop may have gone through some adventures. Someone, at one point, spilt something on him. If it was a high-sugar carbonated beverage, you will notice this aspect in the viscosity of the keys and the way some of the keys are heard when you press them.

However, the problem extends beyond the keyboard. A laptop, in general, is not sealed against fluid infiltration, so some components were probably damaged leading to their degradation and inevitable failure.
Without opening the laptop and looking at the motherboard, you will certainly not know how affected the laptop might be, but you will notice this when the screen starts to blink.

The laptop screen might have surprises

If you buy the laptop from various dubious individuals on the internet and you see in every picture where the system is on, a hand on the screen or only part of it appears in the pictures, I have news for you, that screen will probably need to be repaired or replaced.
In the best case, contact behind the LCD screen has been detached and must be glued in place. If you do not have the tools to do this, then you must go to a service.

In the worst case, you have a crack in the screen of the laptop that makes part of the screen unusable.

I once had the pleasure of changing the screen to a Macbook Pro, which for various reasons was broken. I contacted a specialist service to repair an Apple laptop, and after talking to two specialized Apple services, they told me that the repair cost $ 600, which I found very expensive. I changed tactics and searched for cheaper resources on the internet and got lucky.
I bought this screen from this Chinese website, changed the old broken screen and saved about $ 250.

You will need an SSD (solid state drive)

What is an SSD? It is, in fact, a hard disk that moves much faster, compared to the old hard disks that had a much slower speed. So equipping a laptop with an SSD is a very good option if you want some faster movement of the laptop, the operating system will load faster, the various applications will be faster, and using an SSD will not make you get very angry often.

Format, delete, clean everything.

Even if you do not replace the storage unit, it would be a good idea to delete everything on that laptop, but absolutely everything. Format, delete everything. This should be done by the person selling the laptop, but not everyone has that much imagination. A system used by a person you don’t know could be so full of viruses, it could be so loaded, that it would no longer work properly, not to mention why other things the former owner might have left behind laptop, however a wallet with 10 Bitcoin and password in a file may be forgotten in the laptop 🙂

You will need an operating system

Now that you’ve cleared everything, you’ll need to install a new operating system, most laptops tend to come with a pre-installed windows system, and a windows key should be glued to the laptop. A Windows 10 license is not exactly cheap, but not too expensive.
If you do not like Windows, you can always opt for the dozens of versions of Linux available on the market, absolutely free. Sure, not all Windows applications run on Linux, but there are always alternatives, so on Linux, many alternatives can work even better.

You may need to search for laptop drivers

If your laptop is older, the last step you need to take to get your laptop to work is to find drivers for it. Normally this should not be a problem, almost all modern operating systems tend to support older hardware, but on the laptop side, there are problems because sometimes we talk about custom hardware made by companies that might not exist today. The most common problems are the failure of a component, which the operating system does not support the driver.
You can still force a driver, but you have to be very careful about the brand that made that component, always looking for solutions on the brand’s official website.

There is a low probability that the seller stole the laptop

Sometimes you will find laptops at a very good price to be true and functional from all points of view, which can be said that it is not the legal property of the seller. If the laptop is sold from a trunk full of electronics and without a charger, you can be sure that it has many chances that the laptop is not exactly legally acquired, and the legislation is not permissive in cases where you buy, with knowledge, such goods, especially if the laptop is new and looks great and is exposed for sale without a charger. So be careful.

So using these tips you have a better chance of finding a laptop whose purchase you will not regret at all. Also check the laptop, turn it on, push all the keys in the keyboard, watch battery life, inspect the screen for small damages such as dead pixels, and, yet again, check to see if the laptop has a charger 🙂 .

11 tips to follow for driving safely especially for new drivers

Obtaining the driving license is an important step in anyone’s life, especially teenagers, who come in contact with their first big responsibility. What is best to do and not to do after you have lifted your driving license, find out the tips below.

In the following article, I will give you 11 tips to keep in mind when driving. The tips will be for both driving and technical.

1. Keep all the documents of the car in the car.

These are driving license, road tax, identity card, car insurance, car registration certificate, etc.

2. Don’t believe that you are in Need for Speed

I say this, although it seems funny or trivial, the young people who come into service, with their parents or practitioners, ask when they see a stronger car: “bro, what it’s its maximum speed?”, “What a cool car, how many horsepowers does it have?” ?. This makes us think that especially young enthusiasts are only interested in running at high speeds and believing in video games.

Unfortunately, it is not so, if in games, you do total damage, in real life, you can not reset. I know it’s normal to be curious, to have a certain adrenaline rush when you drive hard, but be cautious in the first place, it will save you.

3. Keep distance from the car in front of you.

Keeping the regulatory distance from the car in front of you is important, it can save you from many accidents and other inconveniences, especially if the weather conditions are unfavourable, there is ice, pole, mud, even when there is water…

Braking distance is significantly reduced compared to a dry road. This can endanger the life of pedestrians and your life. The recommended safety distance is at least 100 meters, especially if you are a beginner in the highway somewhere at 50 m, and in busy traffic a distance of 5-10 meters. The idea is to not sit in someone’s back to not wake up suddenly behind him, especially since the driver in the back is guilty of not keeping the regular distance.

4. Keep your hands on the wheel at “nine and a quarter 9-3”

I read a lot of bad advice, many from authorized instructors who say that the hands on the steering wheel are “2-10”. It is not a good practice, because for better safety and to better control the car, the hands on the steering wheel are held at “nine and a quarter”, a practice recommended by many riders. In no case do not hold the wheel with one hand, this is a bad practice to get “relaxed”.

5. Periodically check the oil level, antifreeze, pressure in the wheels and car lights

Probably some of you also have bought new. This means that you don’t have to check these technical things so often, however, before you go a long way it would be best to check them, especially to check the pressure in the wheels, which should be done at least monthly, since the tires may have cracks. If they are too swollen, you will have greater wear in the middle of the tires. We must respect the pressure for each wheel. Each car has, usually at one of the doors, the pressure recommended by the manufacturer written for each tire (picture). You can go to any vulcanization, gas station, this is free, checking this at least once a month

6. Check the functioning of your car’s lights at least a month or two months

Let’s be serious, this is important, why was the car equipped with lights? If it was daylight 24 /7 the lights wouldn’t have been invented anymore, right? I’m kidding, it still had to be signal light, to know another driver who is beside you, what your intentions are.

So lights are important as you just don’t drive at night without lights, you realize this immediately because you don’t even see the road, right?

Okay, made a little mistake here, there are still others that forget to turn on the car headlights at night, especially those who are driving in cities, they forget to do it because the city is too bright, so no need to turn on the lights.

Another important light bulb is the one from the brakes, which illuminates more strongly when you brake, this aspect is very important to have it functional in the car because it warns the traffic participants behind you that you slow down the car. There are still cases, which are very rare when the driver does not know that both brake lights do not function, which is quickly solved when other traffic participants tell you about this defect that you need to know how to fix fast, first and foremost by having the replacement bulbs just in case…

7. Always carry an extinguisher, two signalling triangles, a reflective vest and a first aid kit.

In case of an accident, a first aid kit can make a big difference, and the triangles and especially the fire extinguisher can help.

8. Do not overrun the engine at cold

I noticed a lot of drivers that when they start the car, be it diesel or gasoline, run the engine directly at 4000 rotations per minute or even more. This aspect is not recommended, you can create premature wear of the engine or damage it when it’s cold. Be patient until it reaches the optimum operating parameters, theoretically, the antifreeze should be at 90 degrees Celsius and the oil be at 80 degrees Celsius, practically after about 15-20 minutes driving the car, but, until then, go slowly.

9. Try not to start moving at over 1500 rotations per minute.

Why do I say that? because premature wear of the clutch disc will be created, it can overheat. To avoid premature wear and clutch heating, start below 1500 rotations per minute

10. Check the car annual self-assessment

Do not check the car only when you have to do its technical inspection or when something is damaged. Go every year with your car to inspect it, check all its aspects, especially if you have a beat, a leak, a burned-out bulb, brakes, etc.

11. How to have a correct position at the wheel

Considering that the main way of communication between the driver and the means of travel in our case, referring to the car, is the way we sat in the seat. As a result, we identified three key points:

  • The back should have a great contact surface with the seat backrest
  • Although it seems strange, the key point in feeling the car is the dorsal part, more precisely the seat, this being the main sensor that receives the correct information as long as it is well anchored between the backrest and the seat (the anchoring is done by a technique that we will develop it in the following posts, it is called “the use of the 4 pedals, sounds strange, right? We know that the vast majority of cars have 3 pedals, but it is not)
  • The third point of communication with the car must be the knees, which must have contact with the seat to transmit the information needed to communicate with the car.

Regarding the correct seat setting:

  1. We start by setting the seat, depending on the active position of the left foot (the pressed position of the clutch), the foot being active if it cannot extend to the maximum, which means that we have set the correct seat. Why? In case of an accident, the flexed position of the knee gives the necessary elasticity, without affecting the joint.
  1. After the correct seat setting, we proceed further with the seatback, which is adjusted according to the distance between the steering wheel and the driver’s chest. We recommend approximately 25 -30 cm away so that we do not endanger ourselves when the airbag is activated. This distance gives the assurance that we will not be hit by the airbag when activated (position too close) nor will we hit the airbag when activated (position too far).
  1. The correct seat height is set according to the ceiling. To be at the correct distance it takes about a slap between the ceiling and the driver’s head, so in the event of a rollover we have protection and at the same time we get an overview of the car’s overall dimensions.
  1. Finally, we determine the position of the steering wheel (if we have height and depth adjustment) when we fix the shoulders in the seat with the hand over the steering wheel at “12 o’clock”. The steering wheel must be in the wrist.

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12 anti-stress tricks, how to calm yourself down in 30 seconds

Stress represents the adaptation syndrome that the individual realizes as a result of environmental aggression; assembly comprising tension, tension, constraint, force, mobbing.

Starting from the concept of stress, we mention that the term belongs to Hans Hugo Bruno Selye, who believes that stress is related to the syndrome of adaptation to the stress reaction that the individual experiences as a result of environmental aggression. Hans Selye defines stress as a set of reactions of the human body to the external action of some causal agents (physical, chemical, biological and psychological) consisting of morpho-functional changes, most often endocrine. If the stressor has a lasting action, we speak of the general adaptation syndrome which implies a stage evolution.


The first stage is that of alarm reactions and has two sub-stages:

The shock phase, when the individual’s body performs a counteracting of the symptoms of the shock phase and is based on endocrine responses. This stage is characteristic of the period of childhood when the biological resistance is very low.

The second stage is the one of specific resistance (recovery), when after the first contact with the stressor the organism adapts, the behaviour of the individual being normal, persisting specific changes to the previous stage, especially from the shock phase. Ontogenetically, this stage corresponds to maturity, when the individual has good resistance, being able to adapt to almost any type of stress in the environment.

The third stage is the exhaustion (it belongs to the elderly) when almost all the adaptive resources of the body decrease. Adaptation is no longer maintained due to decreased vegetative type reactions. The negative consequences of the long-term action of these neuro-vegetative mechanisms are evident.

Any type of stress appears against the background of the permanent adaptation of the organism to the environment when there can be a marked imbalance between the demands of the environment and the real possibilities of the response of the individual. Adaptation involves preserving the integrity of the body, which is constantly threatened by stressors of all kinds. Also, adaptation involves achieving a dynamic balance with the environment. Stress occurs when this balance of adaptation is disrupted.

This disturbance is reversible. Stress, according to Landy, represents an intense imbalance subjectively perceived by the individual between the demands of the organism and the environment and the possibilities of individual response.

Depending on the nature of the stressor, the stress can be psychic, physical, chemical and biological. Depending on the number of people affected, stress can be individual or collective.

Paul Frasse defines mental stress as the totality of personal or social conflicts of the individual who cannot find the solution at the moment. Mihai Golu defines mental stress as a state of tension, tension or discomfort, determined by affective agents with negative significance, a state of frustration (repression) of certain needs, desires or aspirations.

Psychic stress has a dual character: primary and secondary.

The primary character of stress speaks as a result of aggression received directly in the psychic plane.

The secondary character speaks of stress as a reaction of awareness in the psychic plane of physical stress, to which the individual gives a meaning. Characteristics of psychic stress – Psychic stressors are: verbal stimuli (including those belonging to the inner language) that are transported by nerve pathways to the cortex. 


They are completely different from the other categories of stressors because of their significance, for their individual having the potential to produce psychic stress. This potential character is validated by the significance with which the individual invests. The same psychic stressor, apart from the fact that it does not produce psychic stress on all individuals, does not produce psychic stress every time on the same individual. This is conditioned by the moment’s dispositions of the individual and the significance that the individual gives at that moment. The appearance and extent of psychic stress depend largely on the genetic characteristics of the individual (cognitive, volitional, motivational and affective).


Psychological vulnerability to stress is constitutional or acquired. Psychic vulnerability is a trait unique to certain people and manifests itself through easy reaction, through mental stress, to a wide range of stressors.


In the days in which we live, the most effective anti-stress methods are often overlooked. In our haste to various things, we find the excuse: “I do not have time to go to the market to buy fresh fruits and vegetables, I do not have time to move etc.” It’s almost impossible not to find 30 seconds to follow these anti-stress tips. 


1. Realize that you are stressed!

Stress is so present in our lives that we have learned to live with it. We behave like fish that do not realize they are in the water. Each person reacts differently to stimuli so the first step in dealing with stress is to realize for yourself if you are tense, nervous, painless, numb, etc.


 2. Say motivational sentences

Repeat a strong, motivational statement for 30 seconds. If it is a short sentence, for example: “I am strong!” Or “I will not get angry”, you will realize that you can repeat it many times in just 30 seconds. The effect is guaranteed


3. Do stretching

Get up, stretch, stretch your arms to the sky and imagine yourself touching the clouds or stars for 30 seconds. You will relax your tense muscles, but also your nerves.

4. Smile often

Through the smile, hundreds of muscles relax and remove stress and tension from the body. It would be good to find a 30-second girl more often, but even if you try, she’ll start to like you.


5. Hydrate yourself

Your brain is about 75% water. And it is not the only organ whose operation depends directly on the water supply. The whole body needs water to cope with a normal day. Drink a glass of water, it only takes 30 seconds.


6. Close your eyes

Take a break and allow your body to relax for 30 seconds. Close your eyes, cover your ears with your hands and disconnect from everyday reality. Think of the sea and imagine how you heard it when you were a child and held a shell to your ear.


7. Dance

Put your headphones on your ears and listen to your favourite song for 30 seconds. Try a few dance moves. You will relax your cushioned body and welcome you.


8. Do nothing

Stop, just sit back and look away. Look at the window or even the ceiling. But he does nothing. Do not think about anything, not even the problems in the office or at home. Forget everything, the price of 30 seconds.


9. Make fun of your situation!

Once you have decided that you are stressed and have discovered the cause, you should do well to find the humour of the situation. And if you see no reason to make fun of it, then imagine a funny situation. The purpose of this step is to spend a little. You do not necessarily have to smile on your own, at least in your soul to raise a smile.


 10. Take a deep breath!

All relaxation methods start with this. A big and powerful mouth of air. Remember the breathing exercises from physical education: breath – raise your hands in the air, breathe in your chest, breathe out, breathe heavily, bend and take your hands down.


 11. Say something that relaxes you!

“Calm down!”, “Peace!”, “Calm down!”, “I’m zen!”, Any phrase that will make you forget about the agitation. Try all the word combinations that come to your mind until you find the “magic” formula and use it whenever you need it.


 12. Relax your muscles!

Usually, in stressful situations, you also have tense muscles. Try to relax them too. Remember sports hours again, when after an exercise, shake hands and feet to relax them.

You can use these relaxation exercises whenever you need, at any time of the day. Even if you forget any of the steps it doesn’t matter. Go ahead, just do an exercise against stress. It makes no sense to stress yourself even more so that you missed a stage

Stress reaction means the power to fight, or on the contrary, the attitude of losing without a fight in the face of difficulties or physical and mental stress problems with shock-like effects, but the latter has a faster and more intense action.

Stress has a psychological and physiological influence on the sensitization of the body, to an intense and lasting action can trigger illnesses of different severity.


Studies have shown the presence and increase of blood stress hormone concentrations such as adrenaline, noradrenaline if these concentrations persist for longer, produce:


– lesions of the blood vessel walls, affecting organs such as the kidney leading to renal failure and exits (death).


Such cases of the disease, or fatalities, were reported to soldiers in trenches during World War I.

More recently, molecular biology researches have established changes at the cellular level, when in stressful situations a certain protein becomes activated, which simulates an infectious agent, triggers the catabolism (a process of decomposition) of the cell, affecting the cellular organisms, the chromosome chain. through which the life of the cell is shortened, the ageing process is accelerated.


People who are more sensitive to stress are more likely to have a labile immune system, have more frequent heart conditions.

All these negative phenomena are included in the term distress (German: Allgemeines Adaptationssyndrom, AAS), summing up the negative effects of fear, anger, agitation.

While Hans Selye (Salz des Lebens, “salt of life”) considers the positive consequences of stress, as a stimulant, for example, athletes in a sports competition, if the emotions do not exceed a certain intensity have a stimulating effect on the performance of the athlete.


How to clean silver jewelry to make it look flawless


Most women love silver jewellery. But they oxidize over time as a result of contact with oxygen in the air, with moisture, with various other solutions that come in contact with or in reaction with the skin’s pH.

The reason why they oxidize jewellery is simple – the silver they are made of is an alloy of which 92.5 % silver and 7.5 % copper. Pure silver, with the title 100 % does not oxidize, but is too soft and cannot be processed for jewellery, so it must always be alloyed with a metal that gives it more rigidity.

So the “culprit” for the oxidation of silver is actually the copper with which it is allied. But fortunately, there are several solutions for cleaning silver.

Why are some jewellery oxidized when new?

Women generally prefer antique, patinated jewellery that doesn’t shine too much. Because silver jewellery has more charm and a special elegance when they are not shiny, and the hue of silver is darker in color.

But how can you get this hue to new jewellery? The process is called anti-ageing or patination and is executed by the jewellers with the help of a special oxide called even “patina” which is applied to the jewellery at the end and which enters all the spaces generated by the work (engraving, granulation, chiselling, embossing, etc.).

If the jewellery is perfectly simple, without any work, the antiquation is not possible, because the patina has nowhere to attach. Most of the jewellery, however, is partially antique, only in the areas with more work, and they also have simple areas, which creates a nice contrast with the patinated areas.

Some silver earrings, like the ones below, are more than half antique, while the corners are perfectly simple, polished and slightly glossy. Obviously, the simple part that was not initially coated will naturally oxidize at one point and will need to be cleaned. Here’s how to clean silver when it oxidizes too much.


When is silver jewellery needed to be cleaned?

Certain silver jewellery looks better when oxidized naturally because the initial gloss is replaced by a more subtle and elegant shade of silver-grey. In recent years especially, the most popular silver rings are by far the rusty ones, which do not shine at all.

There are women who leave their jewellery purposely oxidizing naturally before wearing it – for example, silver bracelets and silver rings that do not match perfectly because they are oxidized differently, some being newer, and the owner wants to wear them together. , on the same hand.

Of course, it’s a matter of taste whether or not we like how a particular jewel has rusted over time. So when and how do we clean the silver? The decision to clean the silver belongs to each woman separately, there is no general rule for when a piece of jewellery needs to be cleaned. However, in general, if the oxidation is too intense, close to black and covers the entire surface of the jewellery, silver is considered to have oxidized too much and has lost its characteristic beauty and therefore must be cleaned.

What to use to clean silver? Professional solutions or substances that I have in the kitchen?

Not everything that is natural is good for everything. Lemon, for example, is a wonderful fruit, full of qualities, but its intense acidity can do much harm to a sensitive stomach, as easily as it can destroy the surface of silver jewellery.

Contrary to general opinion, silver jewellery should NOT be cleaned with solutions that we have in the house such as bicarbonate, detergents, toothpaste or natural ingredients in the kitchen such as vinegar, lemon, etc. Why? The answer is simple – although all of these solutions and ingredients have a certain cleaning power, because of the acids or cleaning agents they contain, they are far too harsh for silver jewellery, they are not designed for cleaning them and can irreparably affect the jewellery. And no one wants to knowingly destroy their favourite jewellery.

Then how do we clean the silver? The simplest and most harmless method of cleaning silver, within the reach of anyone, is a very soft cotton cloth and a few minutes of patience.

in which the jewellery in question is rubbed. Of course, for those who want to clean the jewellery in just a few moments, there are special professional solutions for cleaning silver, such as wipes impregnated with a special cleaning solution.

How do I clean my silver so I don’t lose my jewellery warranty?

Any silver jewellery purchased online comes with a warranty certificate. But the warranty is valid for manufacturing defects that are not obvious from the beginning. The guarantee is not granted in case of a jewellery deterioration due to improper cleaning – and not only the silver can be affected by the improper cleaning, but also the semiprecious stones, pearls, enamel, ebony and other materials that are mounted in silver.

Then how do you clean your silver jewellery? There is an extremely simple and harmless cleaning solution, namely rubbing the jewellery with a soft cotton cloth for several minutes until the jewellery regains its original shine.

But there are also professional cleaning solutions, such as special wipes for cleaning precious metals that are ideal for cleaning silver in just seconds.

Therefore, in order not to lose the guarantee obtained when buying, the silver jewellery must be cleaned either by light rubbing with a soft and clean cotton cloth or with professional cloths, in no case with improvised solutions with what we find in the kitchen or storage.

What is the easiest way to clean silver jewellery?

How to clean silver without a headache? The silver jewellery is held in one hand and the other is lightly rubbed with a cotton cloth on all sides until the cotton is visibly soiled while removing the oxide from the jewellery surface.

Any 925 silver jewellery will regain its brightness or most of it in two-three minutes cleaning with the method described.

Is there any silver jewellery that never rusts?

Certain silver jewellery is plated with rhodium, a precious metal that stops the natural process of oxidizing silver, and the jewellery remains unchanged over time. In general, this method is applied to simple chains or other simpler jewellery that are industrially made. The handmade jewellery is usually not plated with rhodium and the oxidation obtained naturally over time can be easily cleaned by several methods of cleaning the silver.

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